Coffee to Water
An optimal measure known as the Golden Ratio involves using six ounces of water for every one to two tablespoons of ground coffee. This ratio can be modified to cater to personal taste preferences. Ensure you consult your brewer's cup lines or indicators to accurately measure your water.
For the best coffee experience, ensure that your brewing machine brews the water temperature at 195 to 205 degrees Fahrenheit. If the water is too cold, the coffee will lack depth and flavor, whereas excessively hot water will ruin its taste.
When manually brewing coffee such as heating water through a kettle for a pour over, ensure that the water reaches a full boil, while being cautious not to let it boil over. After turning off the heat source, allow the water to settle for a minute before pouring it onto the coffee grounds.
For brewing coffee with maximum freshness, it is highly recommended to grind the whole beans just before the brew time. It's best to use a burr or mill grinder that provides a consistent size of coffee grounds.
It's not ideal to use a blade grinder as it can result in some coffee grounds being much finer than others.
The optimal size of the grind plays a significant role in determining your coffee's flavor. In the event that your coffee tastes bitter, the grind might be over-extracted or too fine. Conversely, if your coffee tastes flat, it may be due to under-extraction, or indicating that the grind is too coarse.
The duration of the coffee grounds' interaction with water is a crucial component in determining the flavor.
The ideal contact time for drip systems and pour overs is roughly 3-5 minutes, while French Press coffee should be steeped for 2-4 minutes. Espresso requires an extremely short brew time, as it only contacts the water for 20-30 seconds.
Play around with the ratios to find the perfect balance for your tastes.